126. In light of the preceding analysis and considering the in loco visit made in August 2009, the report on Honduras: Human Rights and the Coup d’état, the visit made in May 2010 and the Commission’s follow-up of the human rights situation in Honduras since the coup d’état on June 28, 2009, the Commission formulates the following recommendations to the Honduran State:
1. Investigate, try and punish those responsible for human rights violations.
2. Conduct immediate investigations, run by independent, specialized bodies, which can lead to clarify the facts and determine whether the murders of journalists, social communicators, human rights defenders and members of the Resistance, are related to the practice of their professions or to the context of the coup d’état. Also, bring those responsible for these murders to trial and convict them.
3. Make reparations to the victims of human rights violations.
4. Prevent illegal groups from acting outside the law with impunity. In particular, the State has the duty to disband armed civilian groups that might be operating outside the law and to punish the unlawful actions they commit, in order to prevent the recurrence of acts of violence in the future.
5. Prevent the murders, threats and intimidations against human rights defenders, journalists, social communicators and social leaders. In particular, adopt the measures necessary to protect their life and personal integrity.
6. Efficiently and promptly implement the precautionary measures granted by the Commission.
7. Provide the Inter-institutional Human Rights Commission with adequate personnel, support and sufficient resources so that it is able to respond to and implement efficiently the precautionary measures granted by the Commission.
8. Guarantee the conditions necessary to enable defenders of human rights and union rights to engage in their activities freely, and refrain from taking any action and adopting any law that would limit or obstruct their work.
9. Ensure that the system for the administration of justice provides all people with effective access to justice.
10. Enhance the security and safety of the citizenry and order the Armed Forces and military intelligence units to refrain from any participation in citizen security activities; when exceptional situations arise, the military units shall be subordinate to the civilian authority.
11. Order the necessary measures so that female victims of violence have full access to adequate judicial protection, and adopt the legal, judicial and other mechanisms necessary to investigate complaints of violence against women, punish those responsible and compensate the victims.
12. Order the necessary measures to protect those sectors of the Honduran population that have been traditionally marginalized and more vulnerable, such as children, the LGBT community, women, the indigenous peoples and the Garifuna people.
13. Ensure that the Truth and Reconciliation Commission incorporates in its rules of procedure, work plan and methodology the investigation of complaints of human rights violations alleged to have occurred in the context of the coup d’état as a centerpiece of its mission.