In light of the preceding conclusions, and taking into account
the background information and the events that took place after its
visit, the Commission recommends to the government of Haiti:
That it bring its domestic legislation into line with the
provisions of the American Convention on Human Rights to which Haiti is
a Party. To this end,
It repeal Article
236(bis) of the 1948 Penal Code which seriously hampers exercise of the
right of association;
It repeal the law
authorizing loss of citizenship, except for cases called for under
it repeal the Press Law
of September 28, 1979, which seriously hampers exercise of freedom of
That it investigate and punish those responsible for the numerous
violations of the right to life and physical security.
That it eliminate the numerous restrictions imposed in the
practice on freedom of expression and dissemination of ideas.
That it permit, without restriction or conditions, entry into the
country of Haitian nationals who are living abroad as a result of
expulsions decreed by the government, or for any other reason, and who
wish to return to their country.
That it make the amendments needed to the Constitution so that
the actual exercise of the political rights upheld in Article 23 of the
American Convention can be guaranteed.
That it take the measures needed to improve prison conditions.
That it take such measures as may be necessary, using all
resources available, to improve the social and economic conditions of
the country, in order to lessen the inequalities which are an obstacle
to observation of human rights. Cooperation will be needed from
international agencies, particularly from the Organization of American
States, if this is to be achieved.
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights makes a special
appeal to international organizations to give Haiti the aid it urgently
needs to improve living conditions among the population, and to exploit
its resources, so that the country can establish respect for an full
enjoyment of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.