RESOLUTION Nš 11/83
OF DISAPPEARED PERSONS IN CHILE
July 1, 1983
1. Between 1974
and 1978, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights received a large
number of denunciations alleging that many persons have been the
subjects of apprehension in their residences, places of work, or in
public places, by armed personnel, at times in uniform, who usually say
that they belong to some branch of public authority, through operations
that are significant and coordinated in both deployment and manner of
execution. Following the events described, the persons apprehended have
disappeared without any word of their whereabouts.
2. The Commission
has opened individual and class action cases in connection with the
charges made, transmitted to the Government of Chile the pertinent
documents and requested it to furnish prompt information, in accordance
with regulatory provisions.
3. The Commission
believes that the cases presented to the Government of Chile fit the
description given in the preceding paragraphs.
4. In each of the
cases included in this resolution, the Government of Chile has furnished
insufficient or unsatisfactory information which does not clarify the
whereabouts of the disappeared persons.
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, through its regular and
ongoing negotiations with the Government of Chile, took special interest
in exhausting all possibilities to determine the exact truth of the
present status of the disappeared persons.
6. The Commission
has reached the painful conclusion that the great majority of the
disappeared persons have died of causes that it is unable to specify but
which, in any event, entail a great responsibility for those who
captured or detained them.
INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, RESOLVES:
1. To declare that
it is the responsibility of the Chilean Government to take all necessary
measures to clarify and solve the problem of the disappeared persons.
2. To recommend to
the Government of Chile:
a) That it inform
the family members and explain to them the status of the disappeared
persons, who, it shall be understood, are those who were apprehended in
operations which, because of the conditions in which they were carried
out and their descriptions, make it possible to presume that public law
enforcement agencies participated in them;
b) That it keeps
the Commission informed of all measures it takes to put into practice
the recommendations contained in this resolution.
3. To communicate
this resolution to the Government of Chile and to the petitioners.
4. To suspend
consideration of the individual cases of disappeared persons and,
notwithstanding the same, the Commission reserves the right to reopen
processing of cases in which new important evidence appears and, if
necessary, undertake studies of the same.
5. To include this
resolution in its Annual Report to the General Assembly of the
Organization of American States, pursuant to the terms of Article 50 (4)
of the Regulations of the Commission, and, notwithstanding the same, the
Commission reserves the right to reconsider this resolution in its next
session in the light of any measures that the Government of Chile may