The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) has the
honor to submit its report to the General Assembly, in compliance with
the provisions of Article 52 f of the Charter of the Organization
of American States.
This report contains six
chapters and was drafted in accordance with the terms of Resolutions 331
(VIII-0/78) of the General Assembly and Article 59 of the new
Regulations of the Commission.
Chapter I is a brief summary of the Commission’s origin and
juridical bases. It also discusses the Commission’s new Statute and
Regulations. It closes with an accounting of the Commission’s
relations with other organs of the inter-American system and with
regional and world agencies of a similar nature.
Chapter II concerns the principal activities of the IACHR during
1979 and 1980.
Chapter III is entitled “Observations the Commission considers
to be appropriate on the communications it has received.” That chapter
contains twelve resolutions the Commission adopted in connection with a
number of cases presented to it.
Chapter IV is entitled “Information provided by certain
governments of the member states of the OAS on the progress made in
achieving the objectives set forth in the American Declaration of the
Rights and Duties of Man and in the American Convention on Human
Rights.” This chapter contains a summary of the pertinent legislation
enacted in ten member states during the period covered in this Report. They
are: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico,
Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay.
It should be noted here
that in order to undertake preparation of this Report, at the
appropriate time the Commission addressed the governments of the member
states of the Organization to request that they provide it with
information on the progressive measures adopted and the texts of the
legislation enacted and of the jurisprudence and administrative acts
decreed during the years 1978 and 1979 in connection with the promotion
and defense of the human rights indicated in the American Declaration of
the Rights and Duties of Man.
In Chapter V, the Commission has included special reports on
developments in the situation of human rights in Chile, Paraguay,
Uruguay and El Salvador, in compliance with resolutions AG/RES. 443 and
AG/RES. 446 of the 1979 General Assembly. To be as current as possible
with respect to the situation in those countries, the reports make
reference to events that took place during 1979 and those months in 1980
prior to approval of the report that follows.
In the last chapter, the Commission has prepared a study on the
areas in which the member states must take measures to make the human
rights embodied in the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of
Man and the American Convention on Human Rights more effective.