IACHR CONSULTS WITH STATES AND CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS

A QUESTIONNAIRE ON CITIZEN SECURITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS

 

December 18, 2007

 

 The relation between citizen security and human rights is a priority issue for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. To this respect, the Commission is currently carrying out a regional study that will provide guidance and recommendations to the Member States of the Organization of American States (OAS) as to how to meet their obligation to protect their inhabitants, especially the victims of violence. 

 

With this aim, the Commission submits to the consultation of Member States and civil society organizations a questionnaire that seeks information concerning the main achievements and challenges faced by the states of the region in the area of human rights and citizen security.  The questionnaire seeks information of both a quantitative and qualitative nature.  The Commission seeks to gather information at the national and local levels, and in the case of federal systems hopes to receive the corresponding information concerning both the national government and its constituent units so as to be able to take into account the challenges each confronts.  The Commission would value the responses, reports, statistics or other data that might be offered in this regard.  

 

          The Commission invites you to submit responses to the present questionnaire on or before February 4th, 2008. The answers to the instant questionnaire should be submitted to:

 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

Organization of American States

1889 F Street, NW

Washington, DC 20006

cidhoea@oas.org

Tel: 202-458-3372  Fax 202-458-3992

 
 

QUESTIONNAIRE ON CITIZEN SECURITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS

 

  1. Which are the main constitutional and legal norms regarding the protection and promotion of public safety and the structure and functioning of the public safety sector?
     

  2. Which are the main constitutional and legal norms regarding the structure and function of the police and the armed forces, and the relationship between the police and the armed forces?
     

  3. Which are the main constitutional and legal norms dealing specifically with organized crime?
     

  4. Which are the main constitutional and legal norms dealing specifically with the production, commercialization and use of fire-arms?
     

  5. Which are the main challenges in the country in terms of public safety and law enforcement? Have homicide and robbery rates in the country been rising or falling over the last five years? Please explain how homicide and robbery rates are measured?
     

  6. Does the country have a national policy and/or action plan regarding public safety? Which are the prevention components in these policies and/or action plans, in addition to law enforcement?
     

  7. In policies and/or action plans regarding public safety, are there specific instruments to protect the rights of particular groups, for example: children, women, ethnic/racial minorities, indigenous groups?
     

  8. Does the country have a national policy and/or action plan regarding organized crime?
     

  9. Does the country have a national policy and/or action plan specifically regarding drug-related organized crime?
     

  10. How much progress has been achieved in the implementation of public safety policies and/or action plans? Which are the main difficulties in the implementation process? Political support? Social support? Economic resources? Scientific and technological capabilities? Professional competence?
     

  11. Which is the best example of progress and/or success in the implementation of public safety policies and/or action plans? How are progress and success in public safety measured?
     

  12. What are the main difficulties in the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of reforms, policies and programs for promoting citizen security and human rights?
     

  13. Which are the main initiatives to reform the police and/or to improve law enforcement and crime and violence prevention strategies in the country?
     

  14. How many police organizations are there in the country? How many police officers are employed in police organizations in the country? In federal states, please, provide this information for federal, state/provincial and municipal/local agencies.
     

  15. Does the country have military police organizations? How many? Which ones? In countries which have military police organizations, how many police officers are employed in military police organizations?
     

  16. Do police organizations have specific strategies and programs to prevent crime and violence, in addition to law enforcement?
     

  17. Do police organizations have specific programs oriented towards the protection of particular groups, for example: children, women, ethnic/racial minorities, indigenous groups?
     

  18. Are there specific policies and programs for providing protection and assistance to the victims of crime and violence? Which organizations are responsible for such policies and programs?
     

  19. What is the share of the national and/or state/provincial expenditures allocated to public safety?
     

  20. What is the share of the national and/or state/provincial expenditures allocated to the police?
     

  21. In the Executive Branch of the Government, which ministry/secretary/department is responsible for public safety? In federal states, which secretary/department? Are there councils/committees whose members include members of civil society organizations?
     

  22. In the Executive Branch of the Government, which ministry/secretary/department is responsible for human rights? Are there councils/committees whose members include members of human rights organizations?
     

  23. Does the Legislature have a specific organization/commission for public safety affairs? Which one? In federal states, which organizations/commissions in the federal and state/provincial legislatures?
     

  24. Which are the main organizations responsible for the external oversight of the police? In federal states, which federal and state/provincial organizations are responsible for the external oversight of the federal and state/provincial police organizations?
     

  25. Are there non-official vigilante and/or para-military groups in the country? If so, what are the control and oversight mechanisms for these groups?
     

  26. How many private security organizations are there in the country? How many people do private security organizations employ? Which are the main organizations responsible for the external oversight of the private security organizations?
     

  27. What is the share of the national and/or state/provincial expenditures allocated to the Public Ministry or the Prosecutors Office? How many public prosecutors are there in the country?
     

  28. What is the share of the national and/or state/provincial expenditures allocated to the Judiciary? How many judges are there in the country?
     

  29. How do civil society organizations participate in the formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of public safety policies and programs?
     

  30. How do civil society organizations interact with police organizations? How do they monitor and evaluate the police?

 

Please, identify yourself:

 

    1. Name:
       

    2. Profession/Occupation:
       

    3. Position:
       

    4. Organization:
       

    5. Address:
       

    6. Phone
       

    7. Fax:
       

    8. E-mail: